WHAT, WHERE, HOW AND WHEN – Class 6 Hisory Chapter 1

class 6 history chapter 1

Hello readers, in this article we have sum up the NCERT Class 6 History chapter 1 named as WHAT, WHERE, HOW AND WHEN.

‘Our Pasts’ the book title itself says that past is not a singular thing we have many pasts for every different group of people, we have different past. So our past is no single thing it is our pasts.

Class 6 History chapter 1 ( WHAT, WHERE, HOW AND WHEN )

You may be thinking that what can we know about the past. Well we can know many things about our past like what people ate, how they dressed up, how they lived & kind of houses they lived. Also we can find that what types of group of people were there in past like hunter gatherer, priests, herders, farmers, craft persons etc. like in now a day we listen songs through music player or mobile phone, we play game indoor and outdoor. So we can also know about what type of game children played, how they listen songs, stories etc.

Importance of Maps

while reading any humanities book or any other book keep in mind that maps are very important for future and also for this chapter or book. Everywhere you see a location if you don’t know that location you will end up getting irritated while reading. So my personal advice is you should keep in mind that where what location lies.

Read more about maps – Maps class 6 geography chapter 4

Livelihood of earlier people

In earlier times people used to live along the water banks like rivers. Some of the earliest people who lived along rivers were skilled gatherers i.e. people who collect their food by knowing all the plants in their surrounding etc.

Sulaiman and Kirthar hills are some of the area where human first started growing crops around 8000 years ago. At that time people also started rearing animals like sheep, goat, cattle etc. Rice was first grown in the area north to the Vindhyas. The earliest civilization is about 4700 years ago at the bank of Indus river and its tributaries. Tributaries are small-small flowing stream or say river that flows into the main river. Remnants of cities developed on river Ganga found of around 2500 years ago.

The region south of the river Ganga was known as Magadha in ancient times now it lies in the state of Bihar. People traveled from one part of the country to other in search of food and other. There were many difficulties for the peoples but they never give up. Himalayas in the north is very big difficult but even than people from other countries came and settled here and gave some input to our tradition and culture.

Name of our country – class 6 history chapter 1

We often use two word out of many for our country which are India and Bharat. The word India came from the world Indus which is Sindhu in Sanskrit. The Iranian and Greeks visited Indus river around 2500 years ago and called it as Hindos or Indos. The region east to Indus called as India. The world Bharat was used for a group of people which is mentioned in Rigveda and later it was used for our country.

Ways of finding past

There are several ways of finding out the past. One of them is ‘manuscript’. Manuscripts are like books which were written long year ago. Manuscript means written by hand. These were usually written on palm leafs by bundling them together.  By the time many manuscripts were eaten by insects, destroyed and some were survived which we use to know about our pasts.

There is another important way of knowing our past, is inscriptions. These are writings on hard surfaces like metals, stone walls etc. inscriptions were used to remember things for long years. Kings used inscriptions to record their memories, fight they fought, orders they gave etc.

Other ways of finding past are studying old objects like remains of buildings, objects found by digging the surface like pots, pans, ornaments, weapons etc. Those who study these things are known as archaeologist. Archaeologist also look for bones, burned plants remains etc.  

Historians also called as scholars use these sources to find out past. They refer to this information from manuscripts, inscriptions and archaeology for their research.


Date is an important aspect of knowing history like when someone ask you todays date then you will say in day, month and year in 2000. This date 2018 is after the birth of Jesus Christ. 2018 means 2018 year after the birth of Jesus Christ. Dates before birth of Jesus Christ are counted as BC (Before Christ) like if I say 1000 BC means 1000 year before the birth of Jesus Christ.

We also use another word AD (Anno Domini) means in the years of God that is Jesus Christ. So 2018 can be written as AD 2018. There are some other parameters like CE (common era), BCE (before common era) and BP (before present).

Some important dates are from our pasts

  • the beginning of agriculture (8000 years ago)
  • the first cities on the Indus (4700 years ago)
  • cities in the Ganga valley (2500 years ago)

Thank You! I hope you liked this summary of NCERT book of class 6 history chapter 1 – WHAT, WHERE, HOW AND WHEN. If you still have any doubts and question about this chapter, please feel free to comment below.

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